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STIR/SHAKEN is a set of technical standards and protocols that aim to combat robocalls and caller ID spoofing by verifying the authenticity of caller ID information. The acronym stands for Secure Telephone Identity Revisited (STIR) and Signature-based Handling of Asserted information using toKENs (SHAKEN).
The STIR/SHAKEN framework is designed to work with existing telephone infrastructure, and allows phone companies to authenticate calls using digital certificates and public key infrastructure (PKI) technology. These certificates are used to create a "signature" for each call, which is then verified by the receiving phone company to ensure that the caller ID information is legitimate.
The main goal of STIR/SHAKEN is to increase consumer trust in caller ID by reducing the number of spoofed calls, and making it easier for consumers to identify and block unwanted calls. The technology is also intended to help phone companies comply with regulations from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to combat robocalls and caller ID spoofing.